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Tuesday, April 14, 2020 | History

2 edition of impact of self-employment on labour-productivity growth found in the catalog.

impact of self-employment on labour-productivity growth

Baldwin, John R.

impact of self-employment on labour-productivity growth

a Canada and United States comparison

by Baldwin, John R.

  • 366 Want to read
  • 32 Currently reading

Published by Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch in Ottawa .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Self-employed -- Canada -- Statistics.,
  • Self-employed -- United States -- Statistics.,
  • Labor productivity -- Canada -- Statistics.,
  • Labor productivity -- United States -- Statistics.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby John R. Baldwin and James Chowhan.
    GenreStatistics.
    SeriesEconomic analysis research paper series / Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch -- no. 016., Economic analysis research paper series
    ContributionsChowhan, James., Statistics Canada. Analytical Studies Branch.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvi, 59 p. :
    Number of Pages59
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19238610M
    ISBN 100662347927

    Size, Contribution and Characteristics of Informal Employment in India1 Jeemol Unni The Gujarat Institute of Development Research, Ahmedabad, India [email protected] 1. Introduction India has enjoyed a growth rate of gross domestic product of about percent over the last decade. Such consistent growth over a decade is Size: KB. This book focuses on the role of employment and training agencies in contributing to job creation and productivity in Northern Ireland. It explores how Northern Ireland is implementing labour market and skills policy and putting measures in place at the local level to stimulate quality employment, inclusion and growth.


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impact of self-employment on labour-productivity growth by Baldwin, John R. Download PDF EPUB FB2

The impact of self-employment on labour-productivity growth: a Canada and United States comparison. The impact of self-employment on labour-productivity growth: A Canada and United States comparison by John R. Baldwin and James Chowhan Micro-economic Analysis Division 18th floor, R.H.

Coats Building, Ottawa, K1A 0T6 Telephone: 1 This paper represents the views of the authors and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of Cited by: The Impact of Self-Employment on Labour-Productivity Growth: A Canada and United States Comparison Article in SSRN Electronic Journal September with 93.

Economic Growth and the Unemployment Rate Congressional Research Service Summary A persistently high unemployment rate is of concern to Congress for a variety of reasons, including its negative consequences for the economic well-being of. La bour productivity Introduction Labour productivity is an important economic indica tor that is closely linked to economic growth, competitiveness, and living standards withi n an economy.

Labour productivity represents the total volume of output (measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product, GDP) File Size: KB. In order to provide some insights into the macro-impact of this extensive reformatory process in the labour market, in the Fig. 2 we report the graphs of unemployment rate and growth rate, along with the percentage of temporary workers, in the transition time (–) of a wide sample of EU countries.

To select those countries experiencing what Cited by: 9. Productivity growth slowed sharply in the early s (and stayed low for several decades), while unemployment increased noticeably. While both productivity and unemployment do respond to other changes in the economy, these episodes make one wonder about the impact that independent (perhaps technology driven) changes in productivity might have.

Labour productivity and economic growth are th e key factors to maintain and improve the competitiveness of countries at global market, (Emsina, ). Productivit y, besides serving. Since growth of labour productivity can be decomposed as growth of GVA downwards, with a corresponding impact on labour productivity, and there are comparatively small upward ( Kb Excel sheet) updated to be consistent with Blue Book estimates of self-employment income by industry.

These estimates show downward revisions to growth of ULCs. Main points. Labour productivity increased in 32 out of 44 enterprise regions in the UK between and ; the highest productivity growth was in the Coventry and Warwickshire Local Enterprise Partnership, with 16% growth over the period.

A high level of self-employment is not necessarily a good indicator of entrepreneurial activity. Entrepreneurship cannot flourish in an over-regulated economy.

entrepreneurs and their impact on jobs and economic growth Productive entrepreneurs can invigorate the economy by creating jobs and new technologies, and increasing productivityCited by: The scientific literature identifies various channels through which remittances have an impact on economic growth.

Remittances promote economic growth by increasing household income [23]. Increasing income creates the opportunity to boost consumer spending, accumulation of assets, promotion of self-employment, and investment in small by: 8.

Downloadable. Author(s): McMillan, Margaret & Rodrik, Dani. Abstract: Large gaps in labor productivity between the traditional and modern parts of the economy are a fundamental reality of developing societies.

In this paper, we document these gaps and emphasize that labor flows from low-productivity activities to high-productivity activities are a key driver of development.

Improving working conditions and productivity in the garment industry: An action manual ‎pdf - MB‎ If you own or manage a small or medium-sized enterprise producing garments, you are responsible for an important contribution to the national by: Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency ofa productivity measure is expressed as the ratio of an aggregate output to a single input or an aggregate input used in a production process, i.e.

output per unit of input, typically over a specific period of time. Most common example is the (aggregate) labour productivity measure, e.g., such as GDP per.

Wage shares declined dramatically in particular during –, and stagnated later, with a negative impact on aggregate demand, as argued by some post-Keynesian authors (Lavoie, ; Stockhammer, ).

3 Cynamon and Fazzari () found that inequality affects demand growth and creates a drag on the economy because high-income groups Cited by: 5. The Labour productivity update covering July to September last year found overall productivity grew particularly in the services and manufacturing industries – both of which rose 1 per cent on the previous quarter.

However, earnings and other labour costs growth outpaced productivity growth, according to the figures. Labour productivity growth should be positive in as cyclical factors kick in, but it needs to recover sharply if lost productivity levels are to be regained.

Topical articles The UK productivity puzzle Accounting framework for labour productivity growth Labour productivity growth is often decomposed into capacity utilisation, capital deepening and technological growth.

This box briefly describes a way to account for these components, and relates these to the two hypotheses discussed in the rest.

"The Impact of Self-employment on Labour-productivity Growth: A Canada and United States Comparison," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch. Studying the effects of public entrepreneurship and small- and medium-sized enterprise (SME) policies on productivity (i.e., technological efficiency) is important, because the investment policies primarily aim to reduce allocation inefficiencies, enable usage of economies of scale, promote new production methods and technological development.

We reviewed the recently published Cited by: 4. This review examines evidence on whether the provision of various SME support services impact firm performance, and how these may result in better performance indicators of firms (such as revenues, profits, productivity), employment generation and labour productivity with focus on low‐ and middle‐income countries (LMICs).Cited by: Growth in real wages, adjusted for inflation using the consumer price index, has also been lagging behind labour productivity growth in many countries (OECD, [5]; Schwellnus, Kappeler and Pionnier, [6]).

Indeed, real labour compensation per hour worked, adjusted for the CPI (which provides for a better measure of real purchasing power. 3. Interpreting these statistics. Whole economy output (gross value added - GVA) increased by % in the fourth quarter ofwhile the Labour Force Survey (LFS) shows that the number of workers, jobs and hours increased by %, % and % respectively over this period growth of labour productivity can be decomposed as growth of GVA minus.

The Social Determinants of Health: Working Conditions as a Determinant of Health. Working Conditions as a Determinant of Health This summary is primarily based on papers and presentations by Andrew Jackson, Senior Economist, Canadian Labour Congress, and Michael Polanyi Assistant Professor, Saskatchewan Population Health Research and Evaluation Unit.

The UK labour market and the ‘great recession’ Unemployment, internal devaluation and labour market deregulation in Europe 1. ‘The United Kingdom’s Quantitative Easing Policy. Design, Operation and Impact.’ Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin Size: KB. This Overview is extracted from the Economic Survey of Malaysia.

The Survey was discussed at a meeting of the Economic and Development Review Committee on File Size: 2MB. Labour productivity — defined as the ratio of output (GDP) per employed worker — varies widely in the economies of the Asia-Pacific.

Moreover, it can differ significantly from GDP per person due to the differences in the size of labour force relative to that of. The Impact of Self-employment on Labour-Productivity Growth: A Canada and United States Comparison. Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series, Catalogue no.

11FMIE - No. Statistics Canada, Ottawa. Infographic explaining how the labour market is quite strong, highly educated workers are now more in demand, and they experience stronger labour market outcomes than workers with less education. While an increase in the incidence of non-standard work could pose challenges for workers, over the past 20 years the incidence of this type of work has not increased, but it may.

strategy, rather than a “growth-led” demand for labour.3 The distinction here is that between “growth” or “demand” absorbing labour into jobs, as is common in developed countries, versus an abundant, underemployed supply of labour seeking to. Unemployment, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (), is when persons above a specified age (usually above 15) are not in paid employment or self-employment and are currently available for work during the reference period.

Unemployment is measured by the unemployment rate as the number of people who are unemployed as a. inflation. We would expect that over the long-run real compensation growth deflated by the producer price (the labour costs that employers face) should track real labour productivity growth (value added per hour), so net decoupling should only occur if labour’s share falls as a Cited by: This chapter shows that the slowdown in TFP from the mids is associated with the slowing of one-off productivity gains from factor reallocation.

By the end of the s and s, much of the shift from SOEs to private firms had taken place, including moving workers as well as corporate restructuring of former SOEs into shareholding firms and granting legal recognition. Get this from a library. OECD factbook economic, environmental and social statistics.

[Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.;] -- This factbook is a tool to evaluate the long-term trends of economic, social and environmental variables in OECD countries using solid and comparable statistical data.

According to Treasury’s Meghan Quinn, capital deepening has accounted for around three quarters of labour productivity growth over past 30 years, now reaching point of ‘capital shallowing’. Other contributors to low wage growth include the impact of technological change, particularly increases in the use of artificial intelligence.

Finally, it is possible that, while the impact of the uneven take-up of technology on the relationship between average real wages growth and productivity growth started to occur early in the period of rising ICT investment, the link to nominal wages growth strengthened in the wake of the more recent coincidence of both lower-than-expected.

Abstract. Focused on those consequences of entrepreneurial activity, this chapter estimates the effect of entrepreneurship on economic growth. To this purpose, our modeling relies on a traditional Cobb–Douglas production function, which allows the examination of possible factors such as entrepreneurship that may be also important to foster economic by: 2.

Brexit has compounded the challenge of reviving labour productivity growth, which the OECD said had come to a “standstill” and made “no meaningful contribution” to UK output since Self-employment, –, percentage of total employment (excludes agriculture) Employees’ average total usual working hours per week (hours per week, full-time work) Labour productivity growth, –99 (annual average percentage change) Real wage flexibility ranking, USA and EU countries.

Figure Labour productivity: annual growth rates, selected countries, – Source: Australian Productivity Commission (, p. 45). Notes: 1. Labour productivity is the output per unit of labour input. 2. Growth rates are based on averages of annual changes in real GDP per hour (purchasing-power-parity adjusted) for each year in the.More rigorous impact evidence is needed for particular employment programmes more generally, including employment services, subsidised employment and entrepreneurship promotion.

Executive summary Background. The youth of today represent a vast potential for inclusive growth and by: 9.New experimental chained volume “real” estimates of labour productivity for NUTS1 and NUTS2 regions are published for the first time with this article; only 20 out of 40 NUTS2 sub-regions experienced real productivity growth over the to period; over the longer to period there was real productivity growth in 35 of the sub.